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Archives for New Developments

PERF Issues Major Report on Re-Engineering Police Training

In 2016 the Police Executive Research Forum issued a report on Re-Engineering Training on Police Use of Force. The report is the best and most important statement of all the new thinking on police training. It begins with a major critique of the current training practice of over-emphasizing use of force and failing to provide adequate training on de-escalation and tactical decision-making. Read this important report: perfreengineeringtraining1

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“From Warriors to Guardians”: Don’t Miss Sue Rahr and Stephen K. Rice’s Major Statement on Rethinking Police Culture

The essay From Warriors to Guardians: Recommitting American Police Culture to Democratic Ideals (2015) is the most important discussion of American police culture in decades. The essay presents a sharp critique of the “warrior” mentality, which reinforces conflict between the police and the public, and argued for a “guardian” outlook, which emphasizes trust and cooperation between police officers and the communities they serve. In particular, the essay offers a critique of how traditional police training reinforces the “warrior” mentality. Read the report: warriorstoguardians

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Responding to the National Police Crisis: Read “Race and Policing: An Agenda for Action,” by Bayley, Davis, and Davis

In response to the national police crisis that began with the events in Ferguson, Missouri, in August 2014, the Harvard Executive Sessions series has published Race and Policing: An Agenda for Action by David Bayley, Michael Davis, and Ronald Davis. The essay succinctly summarizes the issues contained in the report of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing: that police crime-fighting strategies should focus on communities and not individuals; that effective policing requires the active cooperation between the police and community residents, and that police leaders need to emphasize the protection of human rights. Read the reportbayleyraceandpolicing

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Chicago Invisible Institute Releases Devastating Interview with South Side African-American Teenagers

The Invisible Institute in Chicago, an organization of activists journalists and lawyers, has released a series of video recorded interviews with African-American teenagers on Chicago’s South Side. The interviews provide a devastating picture of the constant harassment by the Chicago police, including stops and questioning for no reason at all. Watch the video recordings here:

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Illinois ACLU Issues Devastating Report on Chicago Police Stops and Frisks

The ACLU of Illinois in March 2015 issued a devastating report on the stop and frisk practices of the Chicago Police Department. The ACLU’s investigation found that (1) in half of all officer stop and frisk reports, officers either gave an unlawful reason for the stop or no reason at all; (2) stops and frisks were disproportionately concentrated among African Americans (72 % of all stops, although African Americans represent only 32% of the city’s population); (2) in the summer of 2014 the Chicago conducted 250,000 stops which did not result in an arrest; (4) there was virtually no training of officers on the proper conduct of stops and frisks. The report led to a 2016 settlement with the Illinois ACLU establishing new policies related to the conduct of stops and frisks, the training of officers, and also providing for an oversight role for the ACLU in monitoring the implementation of the settlement.

Read the ACLU report here: stopandfriskaclu-il

Read the settlement agreement here: stopandfrisk-aclu-il-settlement

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Comprehensive Report on Officer Body-Worn Cameras

Officer-worn body cameras have suddenly emerged as a new police accountability tool. Many departments across the country are reportedly adopting them or already have. In New York City, the judge in the stop and frisk trial in 2013 ordered a test of body cameras– possibly the first time ever that a judge has ordered a social science experiment.

Unfortunately, there has been precious little evidence on the impact of officer-worn body cameras, a few discussions of all the issues involved.

That gap has now been filled. Michael D. White of Arizona State University has just published Police Officer Body-Worn Cameras: Assessing the Evidence (Washington, DC: Department of Justice, 2014). The report is must reading for anyone interested in this important topic. It reviews the evidence from the few available studies and carefully reviews the perceived benefits and the important concerns that need to be addressed.

You can read the report here: Body-Worn Cameras

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PERF Issues Major Report on DOJ Investigations of Police Departments

The Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) has issued a major report on Justice Department investigations of local police department for a “pattern or practice” of civil rights violations. Particularly important, the report, Civil Rights Investigations of Local Police: Lessons Learned, includes testimony from current or former police chiefs or managers from Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, and Washington, DC stating that despite the pains and costs of a consent decree experience their departments are better as a result of federal intervention. Read the Report: perfconsent-decree-report_v4

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City of Spokane Issues Comprehensive Report on Police Use of Force

The City of Spokane, Washington has issued a comprehensive report on use of force by the Spokane Police Department. The report covers a broad range of subjects, including all aspects of use of force, de-escalating police-citizen encounters, officer training, community engagement and transparency, and the culture of the police department. The report serves as a model for other citites with police use of force controversies. Read the reportSpokaneForceReport2013

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COPS Office of DOJ, Las Vegas Police Reach Innovative Collaborative Agreement

November 2012 the COPS Office of the U.S. Justice Department issed a report in collaboration with the Las Vegan Metropolitan Police Department on the department’s use of force policies. The report reviewed use of force data, recent changes in the LVMPD force policies, and made recommendations for further changes. It concluded with an outline of a continuing collaborative process to ensure implementation of the recommendations. Sam Walker praised the report and the collaborative process as a model for reform, seeing it as a process by which the Justice Department can assist law enforcement agencies in addressing important accountability issues in a productive and effective manner. Read the collaborative report:   LasVegasForceReport_2012  Read the news storyLasVegasReportStory

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Commentary: Constitutional Policing Necessary for Effective Crime Control

In a commentary in the East Bay Express, Sam Walker argues that contitutional policing, with high standards of accountability, is necessary for effective crime control. The commentary was written in response to complaints by some Oakland citizens that the city was forced to spend too much money on the court-ordered reforms arising from the notorious “Riders” case several years ago. The Oakland police department has not met the required deadlines in implementing the reforms and the federal judge has scheduled a December 13, 2012 hearing on posssibly placing the department in “receivership.” Walker argues that the accountability-related reforms have many positive effects that contribute directly and indirectly to effecitve crime control.  Read the commentary: constitutionalpolicing

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